1.Describe an invention that has changed the world.
2.Describe your favorite piece of clothing.
3.Describe a holiday you would like to have in the future.
4.Describe a time you moved to a new home or school
5.Describe a well-paid job you would like to do in the future.
6.Describe a café you like to visit.
7.Describe a useful website that you often visit.
8.Describe a place where you feel crowded.
9.Describe a couple you know who have a happy marriage.
10.Describe a time you had a conversation with a stranger.
11.Describe an English lesson you enjoyed.
12.Describe a famous person that you are interested in.
13.Describe an important plant in your country (such as fruits, flowers or vegetables) that you like.
14.Describe a book that you would like to read again.
15.Describe a TV drama series you have watched.
16.Describe an invention that has changed the world.
17.Describe a polite person you met.
18.Describe a time you disagreed with a decision that others made.
19.Describe a kind of foreign food you tried.
20.Describe a plan you have for the future (but not related to work or study).
21. Describe an occasion that you spent time with a child
1. tickets available: 15 法郎
2. Art events: film ffestival
3. Other venue: the park
4. contact number: 0744135521
5. Musical events: different music from all parts of Africa
6. India (traditional songs)
7. Market: …cooking and selling of foods
8. address: at library
9. Literature events of discussion about Russian poetry.
10. website: …international@ beaumond.com
11. hill (climb, watch coastline 等为关键词)
12. Wild flower (原文提到 flowers)
13. nature reserve (原文提到 water)
14. deers (原文提到watch deers)
15. old ruins (原文提到 old buildings)
16. birds (原文提到 watch birds)
17&18 哪两种 accommodation 适合 weekly?
答案：B&D （hostel 和 cottage）
E bedsit (这个很容易排除，对应原文关键词 daily)
A. Some castles are free
D. Tour guide
E. Parking (只有高价会员才可以)
21. Restaurant C
22. Coffee Bar E
23. Cleaning D
24. Shop A
25. Reception G
26. Personal service F
27. What’s the use of intership?
A. benefit future career
B. benefit the dissertaion
C. benefit the current study
28. Suggest the man to ask for
B. hotel manager directly
C. career office in the end
29. Why does the woman has to do a presentation?
A. tutor needs the report back
C. to demostrate how to do a presentation
30. what’s the man’s task and what solution does he take?
C. use video approach
31. Development in Nanotechnology is because of a new type of microscope
32. People worry about Nanotechnology products are unnatural.
33. Nanotechnology reduce the cost of chocolates
34. 纳米科技制造新式的 pieces of furniture
35. 纳米添加剂可以加强肥料 fertilisers 的功效
39. the most popular material silver
第二段：介绍了橡胶的最初运用如 waterproof shoes, clothes
第四、五段：专家对橡胶的改良，第一个专家发明了回收 waste strips 的技术，T专家发现了加入新的化学物质合成橡胶的改良技术 vulcanization
1. rubber exists in a certain region F 原文第一段第一句话 spread across the global 以及后面的 grow in different places 都是对干信息的否定
2. 墨西哥选择种 C树不种 rubber tree的原因是rubber latex 的poor quality F 原文定位词大写的C树第一段的最后一句，原文说的是现在rubber 树不能grow in Mexico, 不是说的poor quality
3. A French mathematician raised the Interests of rubber amongst the Europeans F 原文中法国人姓名比较好定位第二段，替换错误，原文说的他是engineer and a armature botanist
4. T科学家 found the vulcanization of rubber by accident N 科学家人名和改良技术 volcanization 专有名词定位，原文中只是提及科学家思考由于橡胶在极端温度下不定性，可以去添加新的成分合成rubber，但整段没有说是否是偶然发现
5. rubber turns to be rigid when exposing to cold whether T
6. imports of rubber in UK experienced a declining tend F 定位词 import 最后一段，原文说有个迷惑词 under, under six times as much as the before
T科学家发现了橡胶的7. waterproof 特征，但是当在极端气候条件下会变得8. rigid, 橡胶，9. 某专家发明了装置可以利用waste strips 后面被用在了10. steam engine 上，D科学家使用新技术，经过改良后加入新成分让它变得11. stabilize, 后面产生了12. tyre 倒装了汽车的13. mass production
第三段: 一般良好背景出生的名叫S的大学教授，研究起了马戏，成为了马戏团里的一个master并分析了马戏的几个关键要素：画面要美，能搞笑，还能刺激take audience breath
14. section A: v
15. section B: vii
16. section C: iv
17. section D: iii
18. S专家 was a teacher but also an master in a circus
19. finest actor 定位原文 best
23. a description of a subject taught in circus B
24. the difficulties in training skills and may cause physical injuries C
25. trusting your partner is important D
26. the student show interests in acrobatic training A
The space age began with the launch of the Russian artificial satellite Sputnik in 1957 and developed further with the race to the moon between the United States and Russia. This rivalry has characterized by advanced technology and huge budgets. In this process there spectacular successes, some failures, but also many spin-offs. Europe, Japan. China, and India quickly joined this space club of the superpowers. With the advent of relatively low high performance mini-satellites and launchers, the acquisition of indigenous space capabilities by smaller nations in Asia has become possible. How, in what manner, and for what purpose will these capabilities be realized?
Rocket technology has progressed considerably since the days of ‘ fire arrows ‘ (bamboo poles filled with gunpowder) first used in China around 500 BC, and, during the Sung Dynasty, to repel Mongol invaders at the battle of Kaifeng (Kai-fung fu) in AD 1232. These ancient rockets stand in stark to the present-day Chinese rocket launch vehicles, called the ‘Long March’, intended to place a Chinese astronaut in space by 2005 and, perhaps, to achieve a Chinese moon-landing by the end of the
In the last decade there has been a dramatic growth in space activities in Asia both in the utilization of space-based services and the production of satellites and launchers. This rapid expansion has led many commentators and analysts to predict that Asia will become a world space power. The space age has had dramatic affects worldwide With direct developments in space technology influencing telecommunications, meteorological forecasting, earth resource and environmental monitoring, and disaster mitigation (flood, forest fires, and oil spills). Asian nations have been particularly eager to embrace these developments.
New and innovative uses satellites are constantly being explored with potential revolutionary effects, such as in the field of health and telemedicine, distance education, crime prevention (piracy on the high seas), food and agricultural planning and production (rice crop monitoring). Space in Asia is very much influenced by the competitive commercial space sector, the emergence of low cost mini-satellites, and the globalization of industrial and financial markets. It is not evident how Asian space will develop in coming decades in the face of these trends. It is, however, important to understand and assess the and forces that shape Asian space activities and development in determining its possible consequences the region.
At present, three Asian nations, Japan, China, and India, have comprehensive end-to-end space capabilities and possess a complete space infrastructure: space technology, satellite manufacturing, rockets, and spaceports. Already self-sufficient in terms of satellite design and manufacturing, South Korea is currently attempting to join their ranks with its plans to develop a launch site and spaceport. Additionally, nations in Southeast Asia as well those the Indian subcontinent (Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh) have, or are starting to develop, indigenous space programmes. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has, in varying degrees, embraced space applications using foreign technology and over the past five years or its space activities have been expanding. Southeast Asia is predicted to the largest growing market for commercial space products and applications, driven by telecommunications (mobile and fixed services), the Internet, and remote sensing applications. In the development of this technology, many non-technical factors, such as economics, politics, culture, and history, interact and play important roles, which in tum affect Asian technology.
Asia, and Southeast Asia in particular, suffers from a long list of recurrent large-scale environmental problems including storms and flooding, fires and deforestation, and crop failures. Thus the space application that has attracted the most attention in this region is remote sensing. Remote sensing satellites equipped with instruments to take photographs of the ground at different wavelengths provide essential for natural resource accounting, environmental management, disaster prevention and monitoring, land-use mapping, and sustainable development planning. Progress in these applications has been rapid and impressive. ASEAN members, unlike Japan, China, and India, do not have their own remote sensing satellites, however most of its member nations facilities to receive, process, and interpret such data from American and European satellites. In particular, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore have world-class remote sensing processing facilities and research programmes. ASEAN has plans to develop (and launch) its own satellites and in particular remote sensing satellites. Japan is regarded as the dominant space power in Asia and its record of successes and quality of technologies are equal to those of the West. In view of the technological challenges and high risks involved in space activities, a very long, and expensive, learning curve has been followed to obtain those successes achieved. Japan’ s satellite manufacturing was based on the old and traditional defense and military procurement as practiced in the US and Europe.
In recent years there have been fundamental changes in the predicting way satellites are designed and built to drastically reduce costs. The emergence of small satellites and their quick adoption by Asian countries as a way to develop low-cost satellite technology and rapidly establish a space capability has given these countries the possibility to shorten their learning curve by a decade or more. The global increase of technology transfer mechanisms and use of readily available commercial technology to replace costly space and military standard components may very well result in a highly competitive Asian satellite manufacturing
The laws of physics are the same in Tokyo as in Toulouse, and the principles of electronics and mechanics know no political or cultural However; no such applies to engineering practices and management; they influenced by education, and history. turn, have effect on costs, lead times, designs and, eventually international sales. Many Asian nations are sending their engineers to be trained in the West. Highly experienced, they return to work in the growing Asian space. Will this acquisition of technical coupled perhaps with the world-renowned Japanese manufacturing and management techniques, be applied to build world-class satellites and reduce costs?
题型： list of heading 6，段落细节信息匹配3，判断题4
27. D the varying types of satellite
28. C application of space technology to detect the earth movement
29. B a wide range of use of satellites
30. A the background of space technology in the ancient
31. E reducing the cost of satellite
32. F the global development of space technology in Japan
37. the rock and powder were first used in past Asia for war F 原文说的是用来做 fireworks
38. the satellite are used in detection potential earthquake T 原文说的是 the geographical movements between two position
39. the satellite improved the literacy level of Asian N 原文只是提到可以用于 remote education 但没有具体到已经提高了识字率
40. Japan will further develop the international space technology T 最后
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement.