【托福】2017年6月25日托福真题回忆

2017年6月25日托福真题回忆分享给大家,可供参考。
口语

Task 1

If you are going to have an interview with a famous people in your community, which of the following people will you choose? Give detailed information to support your answer and explain why.


Task 2

Which one do you agree? Children born with talent should be treated in a different way or they should be treated in the same way as average children.


Task 3

阅读

标题:A letter suggests that university should not allow students to sleep on the couches in the library.

原因1:They will occupy the space where other students need to study.

原因2:Visitors sometimes come to the campus and make campus tours. If they see this they will think this university is not very serious.

听力

人物:Man

态度:Disagree

原因1: Students can always find place to study, they can sit on the chairs and chairs are as comfortable as couches.

原因2:When visitors come. If they see this they will think those students are really hard with their work and they are just so tired and they have a short break on the couches.


Task 4

阅读

标题:Ambient advertising

定义:Ambient advertising refers to an advertising strategy which using creative and unexpected ways to advertise the products.

听力

例子:A snack bar make a deal with the train company and post the advertisement on the train, so compared with ads on books and magazines, people are more likely to see these ads and they may come to the snack bar to have something to eat. Snack shop in the train station also prints ads on the train tickets, in this way more customers will come to the shop.


Task 5

问题:The girl is going to give a gift to her advisor who helped her a lot within her study. But she doesn’t know what gift to choose.

解决方案1:She can but some coffee tickets.

缺点1:She would like to send something special to her advisor. But the coffee tickets are not special.

解决方案2:She is going to buy a book which her advisor is interested in.

缺点2: But the book is sold online and its price is about $50, so it is too expensive.


Task 6

话题: Two effects of temperature regulation of plants

要点1:Help plants survive in cold weather.

例子1:A kind of plants keep their flowers and leaves warm in early spring, when the weather is still cold, and its warm temperature can melt the snow.

要点2: Help plants reproduce.

例子2: Another plants keep themselves warm to attract insects which help carry pollen. When it is cold, insects will have a rest on these flowers, and in this way the plants are then pollinated.


听力

Conversation 1

话题分类: 学生和教授

 

内容回忆:

学生来找社会学老师,说自己做图书馆volunteer,图书大甩卖。老师说这个跟你的assignment有什么关系呢?学生说自己可以在volunteer的过程中观察他人。然后他们就开始聊assignment,老师说其实人与人的interaction可以分成两种,一种叫unfocused interaction,比如点点头,微笑,没有直接的交流。一种是focused interaction,比如两个人开始讲话。后来围绕这个探讨。


Conversation 2

话题分类:兼职和选课

 

内容回忆:

学生来找老师,说自己最近活动超级多,参加学生orientation了解到许多,比如还可以有兼职。老师说很好,然后他们聊到选课的问题,学生纠结不知道该选什么课,对animals很感兴趣但是又不想选这个基础课。老师说有一个biology103 不错,学生说这个生物课有实验课吗?然后讨论选课。


Lecture 1

学科分类:Art history

标题:studio art

内容回忆:

讲一种叫plein air 的艺术模式, 这个plein air 是法语表示open air的意思,就是主张艺术应该走到外面去,走到大自然去。然后举例, 莫奈,说莫奈的很多作品,光线,风格场景都是plein air. 接着又开始聊这种风格的演变。


Lecture 2 

学科分类:Astronomy

标题: supernova

内容回忆:

supernova, 讲的是太空中的天文现象supernova,以及它的形成。Supernova指的是超新星,超新星爆发是一些恒星在演化接近末期时经历的一种剧烈爆炸。然后提到这个supernova和stellar的比较,接着提到它们的亮度。最后又提到stellar wind的作用。


Lecture 3 

学科分类:Biology

标题: decompose分解

内容回忆:

讲的是decompose分解,说一些食物残渣或者垃圾,可以分解成营养物质渗入土壤。然后也有一些缺氧的环境情况,如果缺氧会容易产生甲烷methane,甲烷这种气体可以对人类有用。


Lecture 4

学科分类:Sociology

标题: city planning

内容回忆:

city planning,讲种树对社区社会的好处。学生说可以有阴凉,老师说对,补充说还可以蓄水防止洪灾。学生说对心理也有帮助,看见绿色植物心情好,工作有效率,老师说很好,后来又提到树木有经济价值。


阅读

Passage One

学科分类:Economy

题目:England’s Economy in sixteenth century

文章和题目

England’s Economy in sixteenth century

In the last half of the sixteenth century England emerged as a commercial and manufacturing power in Europe due to a combination of demographic, agricultural and industrial factors. The population of England and Wales grew rapidly from about 2.5 million in the 1520s tomore than 3.5 million in 1580, reaching about 4.5 million in 1610. Reduced mortality ratesand increased fertility, the latter probably generated by expanding work opportunities inmanufacturing and farming (leading to earlier marriage and more children), explained this rapid rise in population. While epidemics and plague occasionally took their toll, the peoplein England still suffered less than did those in continental Europe. Furthermore, the country had been pulled out of the war that occurred in France and central Europe during the sameperiod. England provides the prominent example of the expansion of agricultural productionwell before the general European agricultural revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. A larger population stimulated the increased woollen through crop civilization. English agriculture became more efficient and market-oriented than almost anywhere else onthe continent. Between 1450 and 1640 the yield of grain per acre increased by at least thirtypercent. In sharp contrast with farming in Spain, English land owners brought more dense marshes and woodlands into cultivation.

The great land estates of the English society largely remained intact and many wealthy land owners aggressively increased the size of their holdings, a precondition for increasedproductivity. Marriages between the children of landowners also increased the size of landestates. Primogeniture (the full inheritance of land by the eldest son) helped prevent land frombeing subdivided. Younger sons of independent land owners left the family and went to find other respective locations. Larger farms contributed more to commercialized farming at the time when an expanding population pushed up demand and prices. Farmland owners turnedpart of their land into pasture land for sheep in order to adapt to developing woollen trade.

Some of the great land owners as well as Yeomen (farmers whose holdings and security of land tenure guaranteed their prosperity and status), organized their holdings in the interest efficiency. Many farmers selected crops for sales in growing London market. In their quest for greater profits, many land owners put their squeeze on their tenants. Between 1580 and 1620 land lords raised rents and altered conditions of land tenure in their favor, preferring shorter phases and forcing tenants to pay an entry fee before agreeing to rent them  land.  Landlords evicted those who could not afford annual, more onerous terms. But they also pushed tenants toward more productive farming methods, including crop rotation. England’s exceptional economic development also drew the country’s natural resources, including iron,timber, and coal, extracted in far greater quantity than elsewhere in the continent. Newindustrial development expanded the production of iron and pewter in and around the city ofBirmingham.

But above all textile manufacturing transformed English economy. Woolens, which accounted for eighty percent of the exports, worsteds (sturdy yarn spun from combed woolfibers), and other cloth found eager buyers in England as well as in the continent. Moreover,late in the sixteenth century as English merchants began making forays across the Atlantic these textiles were also sold in the Americas. Cloth manufacturers undercut production byurban craftspeople by “putting out” work to the villages and farms of the countryside. In suchdomestic industry poor rural women could spin and make cading (combing fibers in preparation for spin) in their homes.

The English textile trade was closely tied to Antwerp, in the Spanish Netherlands, where workers dyed English cloth. The entrepreneur Sir Thomas Gresham became England’s representative there. He so enhanced the reputation of English business in that region that English merchants could operate on credit—the most prominent achievement for sixteenth century. He also advised the government to explore the economic possibilities of Americas,which led to the first concerted efforts at colonization, undertaken with commercial profits inmind.

Paragraph 1

In the last half of the sixteenth century England emerged as a commercial and manufacturing power in Europe due to a combination of demographic, agricultural and industrial factors. The population of England and Wales grew rapidly from about 2.5 million in the 1520s tomore than 3.5 million in 1580, reaching about 4.5 million in 1610. Reduced mortality ratesand increased fertility, the latter probably generated by expanding work opportunities inmanufacturing and farming (leading to earlier marriage and more children), explained this rapid rise in population. While epidemics and plague occasionally took their toll, the peoplein England still suffered less than did those in continental Europe. Furthermore, the country had been pulled out of the war that occurred in France and central Europe during the sameperiod.

  1. The word “generated” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A Produced

B Strengthened

C followed

D  dominated

  1. The word “furthermore” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A  however

B  in addition

C similarly

D  in general

  1. All of the following are mentioned in Paragraph 1 as developments that led to England’s emergence as a commercial and manufacturing power EXCEPT

A rapid population growth

B an increase in the number of jobs

C a trend toward earlier marriages

D an end to epidemics and a plague

Paragraph 2

England provides the prominent example of the expansion of agricultural production wellbefore the general European agricultural revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. A larger population stimulated the increased woollen through crop civilization. English agriculture became more efficient and market-oriented than almost anywhere else onthe continent. Between 1450 and 1640 the yield of grain per acre increased by at least thirtypercent. In sharp contrast with farming in Spain, English land owners brought more dense marshes and woodlands into cultivation.

  1. Why does the author mention that “English land owners brought more dense marshes and woodlands into cultivation” ?

A To give an example of a way in which the English increased agricultural production

B To emphasize the influence of English agriculture on the agriculture of other Europeancountries

C To emphasize that Spanish agriculture needed to improve their farming methods

D To discuss an intended consequence of crop specialization

Paragraph 3

The great land estates of the English society largely remained intact and many wealthy land owners aggressively increased the size of their holdings, a precondition for increasedproductivity. Marriages between the children of landowners also increased the size of landestates. Primogeniture (the full inheritance of land by the eldest son) helped prevent land frombeing subdivided. Younger sons of independent land owners left the family and went to find other respective locations. Larger farms were conducive more to commercialized farming at the time when an expanding population pushed up demand and prices. Farmland ownersturned part of their land into pasture land for sheep in order to adapt to developing woollentrade.

  1. The phrase “conducive to” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A a result of

B favorable to

C able to

D expanded to

  1. According to paragraph 3 why did wealthy land owners increase the size of the land theyowned?

A To avoid the necessity of arranged marriages between their children and the children of other land owners

B To ensure that there were enough land to divide between their older and younger sons

C To increase the number of goods that their farms produced

D To provide more jobs for members of the colony

  1. Why does the author mention that farmland owners turned part of their land into pasture land for sheep?

A To explain why the younger sons of land owners had to leave the family land and find otherjobs

B To provide an example of a way in which large farms were eager to improve their business

C To explain how the practice of primogeniture worked

D To describe a strategy land owners used to give their lands from being subdivided.

Paragraph 4

Some of the great land owners as well as Yeomen (farmers whose holdings and security of land tenure guaranteed their prosperity and status), organized their holdings in the interest efficiency. Many farmers selected crops for sales in growing London market. In their quest for greater profits, many land owners put their squeeze on their tenants. Between 1580 and 1620 land lords raised rents and altered conditions of land tenure in their favor, preferring shorter phases and forcing tenants to pay an entry fee before agreeing to rent them land. Landlords evicted those who could not afford annual, more onerous terms. But they also pushed tenants toward more productive farming methods, including crop rotation.

  1. The word “quest” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A organization

B exchange

C search

D argument

  1. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 4 as a way that English landlords tried to increase the efficiency of their farms?

A encouraging the use of methods as crop rotation

B selecting crops on the basis of demand in the London market

C increasing rents and reducing the length of phases

D hiring Yeomen to work on their farms instead of relying on tenants

Paragraph 5

England’s exceptional economic development also drew the country’s natural resources,including iron, timber, and coal, extracted in far greater quantity than elsewhere in thecontinent. New industrial development expanded the production of iron and pewter in and around the city of Birmingham.

  1. The word “exceptional ” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A predictable

B initial

C extraordinary

D complex

Paragraph 6

But above all textile manufacturing transformed English economy. Woolens, which accounted for eighty percent of the exports, worsteds (sturdy yarn spun from combed woolfibers), and other cloth found eager buyers in England as well as in the continent. Moreover,late in the sixteenth century as English merchants began making forays across the Atlantic these textiles were  also sold in the Americas. Cloth manufacturers undercut production byurban craftspeople by “putting out” work to the villages and farms of the countryside. In suchdomestic industry poor rural women could spin and make cading (combing fibers in preparation for spin) in their homes.

  1. Select TWO answer choices that according to paragraph 6 indicate changes that occurred in the English economy.

To receive credit you must select two answer choices.

A The textile trade products became more profitable than manufacturing them.

B Local sales of textile products increased by eighty percent.

C English textile merchants expanded their markets inside and outside England.

D Part of English cloth manufacturing moved to rural areas.

Paragraph 7

The English textile trade was closely dyed to Antwerp, in the Spanish Netherlands, where workers died English cloth. ■The entrepreneur Sir Thomas Gresham became England’srepresentative there. ■ He so enhanced the reputation of English business in that region that English merchants could operate on credit—the most prominent achievement for sixteenthcentury. ■ He also advised the government to explore the economic possibilities of Americas, which led to the first concerted efforts at colonization, undertaken with commercial profits in mind. ■

  1. Which of the following statements about merchants during the sixteenth century can be inferred from the information in paragraph 7?

A Most merchant activity at this time was controlled by Spain.

B The textile market was less profitable for merchants than were other areas of trade.

C Merchants from different countries in Europe rarely operated in the same regions.

D During this period most European merchants did not operate on credit.

  1. Look at the four squares [■ ] that indicate where the following sentence can be added to thepassage.

In addition to this achievement in Antwerp, Gresham convinced the government at home in England to authorize actions that would make trading in the rest of Europe even more profitable for English merchants.

Where would the sentence best fit?

  1. Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some answer choices do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points.

In the last half of sixteenth century England emerged as a commercial and manufacturing power in Europe.

Answer Choices

A It is somewhat surprising that England was able to expand its economy during the sixteenth century because its neighbors were involved in many wars during this period.

B In order to make more money England nobles acquired more land, pushed for more efficient farming methods, and introduced new land tenure conditions.

C Two England’s economic strengths are its use of natural resources, and its textile manufacturing, which found increased markets at home as well in Europe and in theAmericas.

D England experienced an agricultural revolution much earlier than the rest of Europe and agriculture became more efficient and market-oriented.

F Many of the changes that land owners made to land renting rules not only made their lands more profitable but also made a life for their peasants.

G Though he was a successful ambassador to the Spanish Netherlands, Thomas Gresham was unable to convince the English government to start colonies in America.

答案:

  1. A
  2. B
  3. D
  4. A
  5. B
  6. C
  7. B
  8. C
  9. D
  10. C
  11. C、D
  12. D
  13. C
  14. B、C、D

Passage Two

学科分类:Biology

题目:蝴蝶翅膀的作用

内容回忆:

蝴蝶的翅膀可以用来帮助它们躲避捕食者的捕猎。主要有三种形式:伪装色,警告色以及恐吓色。

第一段引出了蝴蝶翅膀的纹路有三种形式来影响捕食者,特别是通过视觉来捕猎的动物。

第二段详细介绍了伪装色的作用,举例说明了蝴蝶翅膀会伪装成周围树林、水流等颜色。

第三段详细介绍了警告色的使用,有些蝴蝶翅膀的样式会告诉捕食者自己的不可食用性。

第四段详细介绍了恐吓色的作用,大多以眼睛的样式展现,告诉捕食者该物种的体型等,产生错觉。

第五段进一步阐述了恐吓色的应用。

词汇题:

1.   virtually = almost completely

2.   startled = surprised

3.   disrupt = disturb

4.   rudimentary = simple


Passage Three

学科分类:Biology

题目:松树和火灾防御

内容回忆:

一种松树会自动脱落靠地面比较近的树枝。因为这些树的树叶中饱含着树枝resin,在火灾爆发时,火很容易从地面通过这些靠近地面的树枝,顺着燃烧,引燃整棵树。所以为了避免这种情况,树木会自动脱落靠近地面的树枝。

在森林火灾发生之后,这种树比起其它树也能更快地从火灾中恢复过来。这种树在树龄很小的时候就可以开始繁殖,而在火灾后的一段时间里,会不断的繁殖。因为不知道下一场火灾什么时候会发生。

这种松树的树皮也也能帮助规避火灾带来的伤害,因为树皮很松,火一烧树皮就会自动脱落,这样火就不能顺着树皮往上燃烧。

这种树的种子非常的坚硬,只有红松鼠会以它的种子为食,但是红松鼠也不是特别喜欢吃,因为太坚硬了。种子能够忍受很高的温度,并能够长时间地保存,在适宜的时候发芽。


写作

综合写作

阅读: 菊石(Ammonites,软体动物门头足纲的一个亚纲)是因为小行星撞击后的一系列影响而灭绝的。

  1. 酸雨。小行星撞击后的酸雨,使漂浮在海平面上的菊石幼体死亡,所以导致了其灭绝。
  2. 浮游生物(zooplankton)的死亡。小行星撞击使大量浮游生物死亡,而浮游生物是菊石的主要食物来源,菊石因食物匮乏而灭绝。
  3. 氧气缺乏。小行星撞击造成氧气缺乏,所以菊石无法生存。

听力:这三个理论都是不可信的。

  1. 酸雨虽然会对菊石造成影响,但当时还有另一种生活在海里的frog,这种frog至今还在地球上存在,如果酸雨对菊石造成影响的话,这种frog也应该会灭绝,但是并没有。
  2. 浮游生物(zooplankton)只是菊石食物的一小部分,在所有菊石种类中,只有个别种类以浮游生物为食,所以浮游生物的灭绝不会对大部分的菊石造成影响,所以该理论不成立。
  3. 菊石有特殊的身体组织,可以让它在低氧的环境下也能够呼吸生存,所以氧气缺乏也不是导致菊石灭绝的可靠原因。

独立写作

Do you agree that it is better to work for business owned by someone else than to work for the business of one‘s own family

http://jetedu.com/2017/06/03/toefl-exam-170603/

http://jetedu.com/

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