【语法】语法点点点-状语从句(二)

第十三课

语法点点点是专门针对考托福雅思SAT等出国考试设计的一门干货语法课,目的有三:第一,考点提示,涵盖各个考试的重要考点;第二,点拨各位同学避免犯低级错误;第三,所选语法点都是精点,不是语法大全,个别语法点并没有提及,但能给同学们抛砖引玉。这三点是为语法“点点点”。



状语从句(二)

状语从句的性质属于补充和逻辑,补充是指补充时间地点条件等信息,逻辑是指原因,结果,目的,比较等逻辑信息。状语从句有九种,每一种都有自己单独的引导词。它在复合句中一般会用逗号跟主句隔开或者有固定的句型。状语从句覆盖了几乎所有的逻辑关系,可以说掌握了状语从句就掌握了英语句型的半壁江山,不可不学好!
各位童鞋,状语从句可是非常非常重要哦!但是因为状语从句最重要的就是记住各自的引导词,艾米莉老师给大家准备了很多例句,所以大家只要认真看例句,理解每个引导词,状语从句就肯定无问题啦~所以这部分就不录音了,烦请大家认真记和做练习!九大状语从句将分四次分享给大家,要跟上哦!


3、原因状语从句

引导词
引导原因状语从句的从属连词because, because of, as, since, for, now that, given that…
because和because of的区别:
because跟because of很多同学傻傻分不清楚怎么用。because+句子,because of+名词/动名词短语。because是连词,其后接原因状语从句或回答以why开头的问句; 而because of是复合介词,其后接名词、代词或动名词,或者what引导的名词性从句。
Because he is ill, he is absent today.因为他今天生病了,所以他没来。He is not at school because of his illness.他之所以没来是因为他生病了。

We like physics  because we can learn a lot of ideas.

我们喜欢物理是因为我们可以学到很多观点。

The woolly shrank because it was washed badly.

毛衣因为洗涤的方法不好而缩水。

I can’t get to sleep because of the noise outside.

由于外面声音嘈杂我睡不着。


now that…
Now that you are here, you’d better stay.你既然来了,最好还是留下吧(既来之,则安之)。


given that…
有“考虑到……”的意思
Given that Chinese students would not be able to use Facebook back in China, the school changed their way of organizing the event.考虑到中国学生在中国不能用Facebook, 学校改变了他们组织活动的方式。

4、目的状语从句

so that
so that引导目的状语从句时,表示“以便;为了”,从句中常使用can /could /may /might /will /would /should等情态动词或助动词;
The little boy saved every coin so that he could buy his mother a present on Mother’s day.小男孩把所有的硬币都存起来以便他可以在母亲节买礼物给他的妈妈。She worked hard so that everything would be ready by 5 o’clock.她努力工作,以便在五点前使一切都就绪。


in order to
“为了”,后接动词原形,做目的状语。
I get up early in order to catch the early bus.我早起是为了赶早班车。in order to do也可以变形为In order that+句子She stayed at home for a few days in order that she could take care of her mother.

她在家呆了几天是为了能够照顾她的母亲。


5、结果状语从句

so…that
so+形容词或副词+that…引导结果状语从句,意思是“如此……以致于……”。
Some people were so moved by the sight that they began to cry.
一些人对此情景如此感动,以致开始哭了出来。The wind was so strong that he could hardly move forward.
风刮得如此猛烈,以致他几乎是寸步难行。


such…that
They are such good teachers that we all hold them in great respect.他们是非常好的老师, 我们对他们极为尊敬。It is such nice weather that I would like to go to the beach.天气如此之好, 我想去海滩。

大家注意区分so that和so…that的用法,前者引导目的状语从句,后者引导结果状语从句。


Quiz
用适当的原因状语引导词填空:
1. The trip was cancelled ___  ___  the bad weather.2.   ___  ___  most people do not know what happened there, you’d better explain to them first.3.  ___  ___  you know my birthday, will you send me birthday presents?4.  Amy did not respond to his question, ____ she was carried away by her memory of their past.

5.____ you are here early, why don’t you come and give me a hand?

翻译:
1. 她故意说话很大声好让她奶奶能听清她说什么。2. 为了能改变他的心意,她花了三个小时说服他。3.  政府投入了大量的金钱以改善空气和水的质量。
翻译:
1. 北京的空气质量太糟糕了,很多人为了自己的身体健康都离开了。2.  这次的台风来得很突然,很多人来不及做防御措施。3. 这个男孩非常聪明,几乎没有他答不上来的问题。


上期答案
用适当的时间状语引导词填空:
1.  The     minute  I got to the bus station, the bus just left!2.   When/Whenever  you want to talk to me, just knock at my door.3. I will not stop   until    you say so.4. She has been extremely popular  since  her first movie.

5.  Before  I realized it, the robber had already grabbed my bag and ran away.

用适当的地点状语引导词填空:
1. The baby follows her mother   where/wherever  she goes.2.  We can see the north star  anywhere  we are because it is always there.3. Can you put these back to    where  they were, please?4. You may not smoke   anywhere   near the gas station.

下期预告:让步/方式状语从句
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