【SAT】2016年5月7日SAT真题回忆

2016年5月7日SAT真题回忆分享给大家,可供参考。
阅读
本次5月份的SAT考试阅读部分跟老SAT做起来感受差不多,难度和新SATOG持平,略有上升。阅读文章题材由1篇小说、1篇社科、1篇史政、2篇科学类文章构成。考题主要有主旨题、修辞题、细节题、循证题、图表题和词汇题,出题比较灵活,有些选项颇具迷惑性。另外。要求65分钟的时间完成52道题目,考生普遍反映时间比较紧迫。因此,加强阅读,提高答题速度对阅读考试很重要。第一篇:小说, 现当代, 难度中等。讲的是一个父亲,有12个孩子。他迫于生计压力,不得不多赚钱养家糊口。他跟着老板兢兢业业打理农场,但是很想要一部auto bike ,然后用了各种心理战术,老板终于给他买了他想要的东西。之后他提高了社会地位。

文章主题以对话还有叙事为主。对于人物细节考察较细,另外就是段落主旨对于人物个性塑造的作用考察也多。 语言风格不是太难, 用词用句并比起19世纪的小说选段略低, 但根据文章风格并非描写英美国家生活, 且情节不那么一目了然, 文章后半段难度较前半段低, 选自Nawabdin Electrician。

第二篇:社科, 比常见社科类略难。

描述public news在当今遇到的挑战,主题是新闻在当代社会的意义。传统的新闻主要是加入了记者或专家的观点,而现代新闻更侧重还原所有信息,还原到raw material 本身,让读者自己下定论。

第三篇:科学, 难度中等。

文章主要讨论“花越香,蜜蜂会不会越多”两科学家从推测到实验整个过程,实验结论是花越香,并不会直接影响honey bees数量,反而影响了花的生产等。

第四篇:历史题材, 双篇对比阅读, 难度中等,较OG同类文章低。

讨论当法律是一个bad law的时候,是否该遵守。第一篇选自林肯的演讲,是持支持态度,认为无论法律多不合理,必须先遵守,再根据人民意见去否决;第二篇选自梭罗,观点是当法律不合理,任何时候应该break the law。

第五篇:科学, 难度中等。

讲述solar panel前景较好, 但当前制造过程中遇到的最大问题为成本较高, 文章继而展开几方面现有降低成本的手段和产品讲的是太阳能的发展,文中引用了大量的科学术语,但是结构很清晰,需要注意的是这篇的图标题还是有难度的。

具体的题型如下:

A. 主旨题: 基本每篇均有涉及, 均为全文主旨, 无段落主旨, 未考查structure等行文结构题;

B. 修辞作用题: 出现一定量作用题, 题量正常;

C. 排除法+找对应: 考察细节的比较多, 同时伴随循证题一起出现;

D. 循证题: 每篇2题, 难度中等;

E. 图表题: 内容比较丰富, 但如果能够正确提取关键信息, 拿下并不困难;

F. 词汇题: 平均每篇1~2题, 均为常见单词。

语法
本次5月份的SAT语法部分的考试比较容易,基本上和平时的练习内容差不多,与官方指南上涉及的要点基本保持一致。但是文章考察更偏重于对篇章的整体把握和上下文的关系。本次5月考试语法部分考察的语法点主要有时态、标点、固定搭配、主谓一致等,图表类题目较之OG中的试题更加灵活,考生需要结合上下文语境进行解答,句子衔接和逻辑关系类题目比例有所提高。所以有些考生在答题过程中会觉得时间比较紧,但是只要考生们强化练习,多思考,多总结,语法部分应该比较容易突破。下面为大家分别介绍这几篇语法文章的内容:

第一篇:加拿大科学家发现某种物质能够导致水中大量产生海藻,从而破坏了环境。这种物质引起人们和政府关注。语句上中规中矩,难度适中。

第二篇:有关建筑,讲的是Leaning Tower of Pisa,一开始建造这个塔的时候大家都很兴奋,但是后来发现这个塔越来越倾斜了,大家用一些方式去改进它。

第三篇:讲的是关于,physician的不足,paramedics 医护辅助人员增多的现象。文章对于文章结构,逻辑考察的点很多。

第四篇:关于comics books发现的历史,由golden times 到silver times再到post modern。文章对于基本的语法知识,单复数,标点符号用法的考察很多。

考点:

①. 句子结构的题目在语法考点中仍然占有很大的比重。RUN ON,FRAGMENT的题型很常规。

②. 标点符号考察到了破折号做插入语的用法。逗号,分号的区分。

③. 第四篇文章的合并句子题句子非常长。四个选项。每个句子都超过六行。

④. 图表信息题考了一题。出现在第三篇文章中。以句子插入题的形式出现。不能插入这个句子的原因是和文章中给出的图表信息不符合。2020年的助理医生并没有超过医生的人数。

⑤. 比较对象一致的题考查了两个。和老SAT的考点一脉相承。

在SAT语法考试中,很多同学会觉得标点符号是一个难题,但是标点符号的考察会和很多的句子结构的考察结合在一起。比如平行对称:A, B,C,and D.再比如,有关限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的逻辑和语义区别。

考生们在语法部分的备考重点还是在基础语法知识点上,同时考试时更加注重文章中上下文的语境。

写作
5月7日SAT考试写作部分比较难。Essay部分的阅读文章选自2009年发表在Vanity Fair上的由Christopher Hitchens写的一片社论文章,讲的是希腊古雕塑本身艺术价值极高,历史上被破坏和贱卖给英国,作者主张应该还给希腊。这次的 “The Lovely Stones” 和官方给出的大部分文章一样, 遵循一个模式:呈现一个问题+分析问题背景+呼吁行为。难度高于OG的文章和2016年3月北美的文章,主要是因为涉及较多历史、雕塑等专业词汇,许多考生可能阅读要花较多时间阅读且理解难度大。阅读原文:

P1: The great classicist A. W. Lawrence once remarked of the Parthenon that it is “the one building in the world which may be assessed as absolutely right.”

P2: Not that the beauty and symmetry of the Parthenon have not been abused and perverted and mutilated. Five centuries after the birth of Christianity the Parthenon was closed and desolated. It was then “converted” into a Christian church, before being transformed a thousand years later into a mosque—complete with minaret at the southwest corner—after the Turkish conquest of the Byzantine Empire. Turkish forces also used it for centuries as a garrison and an arsenal, with the tragic result that in 1687, when Christian Venice attacked the Ottoman Turks, a powder magazine was detonated and huge damage inflicted on the structure. Most horrible of all, perhaps, the Acropolis was made to fly a Nazi flag during the German occupation of Athens. I once had the privilege of shaking the hand of Manolis Glezos, the man who climbed up and tore the swastika down, thus giving the signal for a Greek revolt against Hitler.

P3: The damage done by the ages to the building, and by past empires and occupations, cannot all be put right. But there is one desecration and dilapidation that can at least be partially undone. Early in the 19th century, Britain’s ambassador to the Ottoman Empire,Lord Elgin, sent a wrecking crew to the Turkish-occupied territory of Greece,where it sawed off approximately half of the adornment of the Parthenon and carried it away. As with all things Greek, there were three elements to this,the most lavish and beautiful sculptural treasury in human history. Under the direction of the artistic genius Phidias, the temple had two massive pediments decorated with the figures of Pallas Athena, Poseidon, and the gods of the sun and the moon. It then had a series of 92 high-relief panels, or metopes. The most intricate element was the frieze, carved in bas-relief, which showed the gods, humans, and animals that made up the annualPan-Athens procession: there were 192 equestrian warriors and auxiliaries featured, which happens to be the exact number of the city’s heroes who fell at the Battle of Marathon.

P4: Ever since Lord Byron wrote his excoriating attacks on Elgin’s colonial looting, first in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (1812)and then in The Curse of Minerva (1815), there has been a bitter argument about the legitimacy of the British Museum’s deal. I’ve written a whole book about this controversy and would just make this one point. If the Mona Lisa had been sawed in two during the Napoleonic Wars and the separated halves had been acquired by different museums in, say, St. Petersburg and Lisbon, would there not be a general wish to see what they might look like if re-united? If you think my analogy is overdrawn, consider this: the body of the goddess Iris is at present in London, while her head is in Athens. The front part of the torso of Poseidon is in London, and the rear part is in Athens. And so on. This is grotesque.

P5:It is unfortunately true that the city allowed itself to become very dirty and polluted in the 20th century, and as a result the remaining sculptures and statues on the Parthenon were nastily eroded by “acid rain.” And it’s also true that the museum built on theAcropolis in the 19th century, a trifling place of a mere 1,450 square meters,was pathetically unsuited to the task of housing or displaying the work of Phidias. But gradually and now impressively, the Greeks have been living up to their responsibilities. Beginning in 1992, the endangered marbles were removed from the temple, given careful cleaning with ultraviolet and infra-red lasers, and placed in a climate-controlled interior.Alas, they can never all be repositioned on the Parthenon itself, because,though the atmospheric pollution is now better controlled, Lord Elgin’s goons succeeded in smashing many of the entablatures that held the sculptures in place. That leaves us with the next-best thing, which turns out to be rather better than one had hoped.

P6: About a thousand feet southeast of the temple, the astonishing new Acropolis Museum will open on June 20. With 10times the space of the old repository, it will be able to display all the marvels that go with the temples on top of the hill. Most important, it will be able to show, for the first time in centuries, how the Parthenon sculptures looked to the citizens of old.

P7: The Acropolis Museum has hit on the happy idea of exhibiting, for as long as following that precedent is too much to hope for, its own original sculptures with the London-held pieces represented by beautifully copied casts. This has two effects: It allows the visitor to follow the frieze round the four walls of a core “cella” and see the sculpted tale unfold (there,you suddenly notice, is the “lowing heifer” from Keats’s Ode on a Grecian Urn).And it creates a natural thirst to see the actual re-assembly completed. So,far from emptying or weakening a museum, this controversy has instead created another one, which is destined to be amongEurope’s finest galleries. And one day, surely, there will be an agreement todo the right thing by the world’s most “right” structure.

文章和写作思路分析:

1、文章分析

文章主题是英国应该归还属于希腊的几件雕塑作品。

P1:通过A. W. Lawrence的话引出本文主角 the Parthenon希腊的帕台农神殿。

P2:细数 帕台农神殿的悲催历史,如曾被关闭,无人问津,之后被改建为基督教教堂,又被土耳其军队用作工事,被炸弹严重损毁,被纳粹占领,总之一路被虐。其实原文第三段首句就是对本段最好的总结:The damage done by the ages to the building。

P3:回忆完历史后,作者在本段亮出观点: But there is one desecration and dilapidation that can at least be partially undone. 往事虽已成舟,但有一件劣迹尚可挽回,即英国在19世纪暴力锯下并掠夺了神殿里将近一半的装饰性雕塑作品,如今应该物归原主,其中艺术价值最高的三块浮雕是包括两大块山型墙饰(pediments)和一条雕带(freize)。段末强调了一下这条雕带上的浮雕讲述了一个连贯的故事( a continuous narrative)且有一半被卖到了英国伦敦,暗示了完璧归赵的必要性。

P4:作者用了一系列类比来论证上段中那笔交易不合理,一是《蒙娜丽莎》被锯成两半然后被不同博物馆瓜分,二是希腊神话里的彩虹女神身首异处,等等,段末给出结论This is grotesque.

P5:开始让步,承认希腊确实曾经自甘堕落,任其雕塑被雨打风吹去。然后反驳,说希腊人已经开始承担责任去保护那些艺术作品,并用了一个事实支持。 Beginning in 1992, the endangered marbles were removed from the temple, given careful cleaning with ultraviolet and infra-red lasers, and placed in a climate-controlled interior.

P6:继续摆出更多事实支持上段主题,如神殿附近会新开一家博物馆Acropolis Museum,旨在展示神殿的雕塑。

P7 :说英国可以继续死撑着不还,但是Acropolis Museum已经打算办一个展览,展出自己收藏的一半真迹,被英国抢走的一半则用仿品代替,这样参观者自然就会渴望看到完整的真迹,试图通过人民群众向英国施压。最后结尾说终有一日可以合璧。

2、写作思路分析

本文写作角度可以有以下这些:

word choice/appeal to emotion:P2里在描述神殿悲惨历史时作者用到了一些比较重的词,如tragic result , huge damage ,Most horrible of all, 以此来唤起读者恻隐之心,为之后段落打好感情基础。

reasoning:P3里对那条雕带(freize)描述时强调了一下这条雕带上的浮雕讲述了一个连贯的故事( a continuous narrative)且有一半被卖到了英国伦敦。可以理解为作者从理性的角度跟读者讲道理,你看只有一半连故事在讲什么都不知道,多没意思。

irony:P3最后说那条雕带当时是被人贱卖还债的 having been sold well below cost by Elgin to the British government in 1816 for $2.2 million in today’s currency to pay off his many debts.相当荒诞的一个桥段,依然论证交易的不合理。

analogy(stylistic elements):P4中的一系列类比,如《蒙娜丽莎》被锯成两半然后被不同博物馆瓜分,如希腊神话里的彩虹女神身首异处,等等,通过荒诞的假设论证帕台农神殿雕塑被卖给英国的不合理性。

concession and rebuttal(stylistic elements):P5和6,先让步,承认希腊确实曾经没把那些雕塑当回事。然后反驳,用了一系列事实说希腊人已经开始觉醒并承担责任去保护那些艺术作品。

evidence:上面提到的P5-6里的一系列事实。

本次考试阅读文章的难点主要就是在阅读上,文章中有较多的专业词汇如果考生对这些词汇看不懂的话那么阅读起来比较困难。读懂之后文章的思路会比较清晰,写作手法典型且丰富。这次的写作考试反映出来在平时的阅读量的重要性,这也是大家备考的主要方向。

数学
数学部分整体难度较之老SAT有所提高。其中90%的题目和老SAT范围相同, 但是比老SAT更容易陷入文字陷阱里。新SAT考试变难一方面是由于知识点的扩充;另一方面,数学部分很多题干明显变长,复杂的语境对考生读题能力的要求提高了。新SATOG在统计学环节大大加强, 新加入了标准差, 抽样实验思想等考察内容, 并提高了对数据分析和回归关系的考察难度。在本次考试中, 实验和回归内容已经出现, 在未来的考试中也很可能会考到标准差概念。此外, 新SATOG在代数部分引入了对余式和因式定理的考察, 通过真考和OG的高度相似性, 我们有理由判断今后的考试中也可能会涉及上述知识点。题型和阅读表达方面, 真考和OG同样体现出了题干变长和应用题比例升高的趋势. 但对于准备过SAT阅读程度的考生而言, 阅读速度和理解并不会成为太大的障碍. 相比Princeton等参考书的模拟题, 真考的阅读难度并不足以为惧。

虽然新SAT数学考试难度增加,但是新SAT考试中,数学占据了半壁江山,考生们要想取得好成绩进入理想的美国大学就必须给予足够的重视,争取达到满分。在今后的学习备考中多加练习。

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