雅思小作文柱状图Bar Charts 例题及答案

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart shows different methods of waste disposal in four cities; Toronto, Madrid, Kuala Lumpur and Amman. Summarize the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate.

Write at least 150 words

The bar chart depicts four types of waste disposal in four cities. Landfill was the most popular method of waste disposal in Toronto and Amman. Toronto used landfill for disposing of about three-quarters of its waste with the remaining quarter split between incineration, recycling and composting.

Amman used landfill for disposing of almost half of its waste with most of the rest being incinerated. Incineration was the most popular method of waste disposal in Madrid and Kuala Lumpur.

Kuala Lumpur disposed of more than half its waste by incineration with less than one quarter going for recycling and even less still going for landfill and composting. Recycling was the second least popular method of waste disposal.

No cities disposed of more than 25% of its waste by recycling and in the case of Toronto, it was less than 10%. Composting was the least common method of waste disposal. No cities disposed of more than 10% of its waste by compositing and Amman hardly did any composting.

(166 words)

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart below shows the production of the world’s oil in OPEC and non-OPEC countries.

Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Write at least 150 words.

The graph gives past, present and future data concerning the production of world’s oil on OPEC and non-OPEC countries. The figures indicate that while the production of oil in Middle Eastern OPEC countries is predicted to increase considerably, oil production elsewhere is likely to fall.

Between 1980 and 2000, most of the world’s oil came from non-OPEC countries; only two million barrels per day were produced by OPEC countries. Since then, these figures have changed considerably. Between 2000 and 2010 it is predicted that approximately 10 million barrels will come from Middle Eastern OPEC countries, while a further 10 million barrels will be provided by other OPEC or non-OPEC countries.

Although forecasters predict that oil production is likely stabilise between 2010 and 2020, a lot more of this oil is expected to come from the Middle Eastern OPEC countries, and under 5 million barrels per day from other areas.

(149 words)


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar charts below show the Marriage and Divorce Statistics for nine countries in 1981 and 1994.

Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Write at least 150 words.

As we can see from the information, there was a general trend for the number of marriage to decrease over 13 years in most of the countries. In 1981, the USA had the most marriages (10.6 per thousand) but by 1994 this had fallen to 9.1 per thousands. The number of marriages also fell substantially in Finland and France. The only country where there was an increase in the number of marriage was Denmark.

By comparison the rate of divorce increased in most countries over the same period. The only exceptions to this trend were Germany, where there was no change, and the USA and Denmark, where the figure fell. The country with the fewest divorce in both 1981 and 1994 was Italy.

(123 words)


 

词汇:

Car- Toyota Camry- automobile- vehicle- motor vehicle- motorcar

Average- approximate- normal- typical- standard

Country- countries- nation- state

People- citizen- man or woman- individual

答案:

The graph compares the GDP per capita, cost of a Toyota Camry and approximate length of time it takes for 1 citizen to purchase that mode of transport in eight Asian countries.

Despite having the second lowest average yearly income, it costs more to buy this car in Vietnam than in all but one other Asian nation. It also takes significantly longer for a standard person to buy an automobile in Vietnam than in any other state in Asia. On the other end of the scale, Singaporeans have to pay nearly three times more for their cars than the Vietnamese and it takes them the least amount of time to afford a motor vehicle.

It costs $49,944 to buy a Toyota Camry in Vietnam, but this dwarfs the average yearly income per person at just $1,910. It would therefore take a normal man or woman 26.1 years to save up for that particular car.

This is in contrast to Singapore where it costs $126,245 for that model of motorcar, however the average salary is much greater at $55,182. This means that it generally takes just over 2 years for a typical individual from Singapore to acquire this vehicle.

(200 words)


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart shows the number of visitors to three London Museums between 2007 and 2012.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The bar chart compares the yearly number of visitors in 3 different museums from 2007 to 2012.

Overall, the peak of visitors’ number was in 2012, while the lowest point was in 2009 and 2010.

Victoria and Albert Museum was the most popular from 2007 to 2009. During 2007-2008 its annual number of visitors remained constant at about 14 million people per year. However, the figure started to decline rapidly in 2009, and reached its lowest point of about 8 millions in 2010, becoming the least popular museum for the rest of the period. After that, the number of Victoria and Albert Museum’s visitors gradually rose up to 10 million visitors within 2 years.

British Museum was the second most popular in 2007, being outraced by Victoria and Albert Museum. Nevertheless, its number of visitors experienced a sharp fall in 2008 and remained unchanged the following year. Then, the figure started to increase. It reached its peak of approximately 14 million visitors in 2012, regaining its position of 2007.

National Gallery Museum showed the most notable development with a steady growth throughout the period. Being the least popular museum in the beginning, it experienced a growth of more than 10 million visitors over 6-year period, and became the most visited museum in 2012.

(213 words)


The bar graph shows the combined time spent in billions of minutes, on three different kinds of phone call in the United Kingdom, from 1995-2002.  

Overall, local calls were the most popular over the whole period, with national and international calls and calls on mobiles second and third respectively. However, the number of minutes spent on international and national calls and mobiles both increased over the period; with mobile minutes increasing dramatically, thus narrowing the gap between the three categories by 2002.

Minutes spent on local calls fluctuated over the time period, with just over 70 billion minutes in 1995, peaking at approximately 90 billion in 1999 and then steadily decreasing to just over 70 billion minutes in 2002.  

National and international calls increased steadily year on year, from just under 40 billion minutes in 1995 to a peak of just over 60 billion in 2002. Mobile minutes increased at a very rapid pace from approximately 3 billion in 1995 to around 45 billion in 2002. Mobile phone usage nearly doubled from approximately 22 billion minutes in 2000 to 40 billion in 2001


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows the number of landline telephones per 1000 people in different countries over a five-year period.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Write at least 150 words.

The graph shows the number of telephones owned per thousand of the population in different countries over a five-year period. Overall, the number of phone owners per thousand of the population varied considerably. However, numbers tended to fall in countries with the highest level of phone ownership, whereas numbers generally rose in countries which had fewer phone owners in 2000.

By far the highest level of phone ownership was in Singapore, where just under 430 people per thousand were owners in 2004. This figure is slightly lower than the 2000 figure of around 460 per thousand. In Brunei Darussalam the second highest levels of phone ownership were recorded, and the numbers fluctuated around the 250 per thousand level across the five years. Countries like Cambodia and Vietnam had much lower levels of phone ownership and these increased up to 2004, rather than decreasing. In the remaining countries, the number of landline phone owners remained below the 100 per thousand level between 2000 and 2004.

(164 words)


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart shows the number of overseas students enrolled in a third year Computer Science course at a Canadian college.

Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words

答案:

According to the bar chart, students from four Asian countries (China, Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka) and one European country (France) are taking Computer Science at the collage. Some students are enrolled in the Database core option; the others are taking Networking.

Overall, the China has the largest number of enrolled students (17) and France has the smallest (5). Singapore and Sri Lanka both have 12 students; Malaysia has 11. It is noticeable that Singapore and Sri Lanka have similar profiles.

Students from all five countries are enrolled in Database, but more males are taking this option than females (21 and 9 respectively). For each nationality, the males taking Database outnumber the females, except in the case of French students with 3 females to only 1 male. The China has the most students studying Database (9); Sri Lanka is next with 7, while Singapore has 6. Malaysia and France have 4 Database students each.

As for Networking option, more females than males are enrolled from every country except France. In fact, no female French students are taking Networking. Only 1 male from each country is enrolled in Networking, except for 2 males from Sri Lanka.

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